Planting: definition and meaning

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The formal notice is an institution found within the civil code. Who has never happened to lend sums of money and have to work hard to recover them? There are not a few people who borrow money and forget - some deliberately - to return it to its rightful owners. The most frequent cases concern bills not paid on due date: electricity and gas bills, mortgage and / or car loan installments, to name a few. Or again, it often happens that you have to pay in advance for a good, which however is not delivered: for example, think of the widespread cases of e-commerce, where those who buy on the Internet wait in vain for the goods to be delivered at home.

On closer inspection, there are countless cases in which a subject, be it a natural or legal person (as in the case of Enel), becomes creditors towards others. So what to do? How can creditors take back what is due to them? The simplest tool that the law makes available for debt recovery is the cd. letter of formal notice .

Let's see what it consists of and what differs from the warning to comply.

Definition of dwelling: what it is

In common language, to indicate the place where you live, you can get confused between the meaning of abode, domicile and residence, but from a legal point of view these three terms are very different from each other. The term dwells derives from the Latin verb “morari” which means “to remain”: this concept is in fact used in reference to the place where a subject is temporarily for at least some time.

It is therefore a situation to which the law associates rather limited consequences. The dwelling can therefore be occasional and transitory, like a hotel and a holiday home, or habitual. From the personal point of view, the temporary residence does not grant the right to issue personal certificates or similar documentation.


On the morning of Holy Thursday the Church of Rome only celebrated, until the seventh century, the Reconciliation of the Penitents. For this time there is not even a trace of the commemoration of the Lord's Supper [1].

A letter from St. Augustine to Gennaro [2] speaks of two possible celebrations of Holy Thursday, with that of the morning addressed to those who could not bear the Eucharistic fast until the evening. We have evidence that also in Capua, in the middle of the sixth century, two Masses were celebrated on Holy Thursday: one in the morning, the other in the evening.

Even the pilgrim Egeria testifies to a similar use.

In Rome, in the seventh century, three Masses were celebrated on Holy Thursday:

  • One in the morning.
  • One at noon, with the Consecration of the Oils, and without any Liturgy of the Word: the Mass began directly with the Offertory [3].
  • One in the evening.

It seems that in Gaul at the end of the 7th century the Blessing of the Oils took place during Lent, and not on Holy Thursday. This Blessing is attested in the Gelasian Sacramentary in the section drawn up in Gaul. However, it is of Roman origin despite an evident Gallicization.

In fact, before the reform of 1955, the Blessing of Oils and the Consecration of Chrism were done outside Mass. In 1955 the Consecration of the Oils was integrated into the Mass.

Roman rite

The liturgical reform following the Second Vatican Council made the Chrism Mass one priestly day, with the meeting of the presbytery of the Diocese around its own Bishop, the renewal of priestly promises and concelebration [4], to underline the unity of the Ministerial Priesthood.

The readings of this Mass are centered on the characteristics that distinguish those who have been chosen to carry out the priestly functions:

  • First reading - Isaiah61,1-3.6.8-9: the Spirit of JHWH on his Sanctified and on the priests
  • Responsorial psalm - from Sal89 [88] - Del. I will sing the love of the Lord forever.
  • Second reading - Apocalypse1,5-8: He made us a kingdom of priests for his God and Father
  • Gospel - Luca4: 16-21: The prophecy of Isaiah 61 is fulfilled in Christ.

The participation of all the Christian people is recommended. To facilitate this participation, the Chrism Mass can be brought forward to the previous days.

Ambrosian rite

The three readings of the Ambrosian Rite are the same as those of the Roman Rite.

  • Reading - Is61,1-3.6.8-9: You will be called priests of the Lord.
  • Psalm - Sal89 [88], 16-17.21-22.25.27 - Rit .: I will sing the love of the Lord forever.
  • Epistle - Heb5: 1-10: Christ, high priest according to the order of Melchizedek.
  • Song to the Gospel - cf. Is61.1: The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me: he sent me to bring the good news to the poor.
  • Gospel - Lc4: 16-21: The Spirit of the Lord is upon me has consecrated me with the anointing to bring the good news.

The Chrism Mass is celebrated in the Cathedral with the blessing of the oils at the end the washing of the feet takes place, done to twelve poor people in memory of the gesture of Christ (Jn 13,4-5) this last Rite, unlike the Roman Rite, is never localized in the Mass Domini for dinner.

In the post-conciliar period 1976-2008

From 1976 until 2008 the communities of the Ambrosian Rite celebrated the Eucharist throughout the year (holidays and weekdays) with an Ambrosian Missal renewed in accordance with the decrees of the complete and autonomous Vatican Council II (with the exception of the Lectionary, which is still incomplete and supplementary). compared to the Roman Lectionary). The readings of the Chrism Mass were identical to those of the Roman Rite already reported. The name of the readings had the same wording as the Roman Rite, ie First reading, Responsorial psalm, Second reading [5].

Living within our environmental limits is one of the central principles of sustainable development. One consequence of this is climate change.

But the goal of sustainable development is much broader than that of the environment. It is also about ensuring a strong, healthy and just society.

This means meeting the diverse needs of all people in current and future communities, promoting personal well-being, cohesion and social inclusion, and creating equal opportunities.

Different classifications can be made of the domicile.

Voluntary and legal domicile

First of all, it is possible to distinguish between voluntary domicile and legal domicile.

The first is the ordinary one, freely chosen by the individual to whom it refers.

The legal domicile, on the other hand, is that which is established by law and is therefore subtracted from the free choice of the interested party.

Think of the minor's domicile, which is fixed at the residence of the family or guardian, or the domicile of the interdict, which coincides with the domicile of the guardian.

General and special domicile

Another distinction that can be made is that between general domicile and special domicile

The first is the place that generally represents the center of all the affairs and interests of a certain subject.

The special domicile, on the other hand, is the place designated to be the seat of business or specific acts. To produce legal effects it must be elected expressly in writing.



The electro-medical equipment I'm "medical devices"and fall into the category of work equipment.

The CEI 62-5 standard provides the definition of equipment for medical use:

Electric appliance, equipped with no more than one connection to a particular power supply network intended for the diagnosis, treatment or surveillance of the patient under the supervision of a physician, and which comes into physical or electrical contact with the patient and / or transfers energy to the patient and / or reveals a certain energy transfer to the patient.


The division into 3 groups of environments for medical use lies in whether or not medical devices have a part applied to the human body.

Group 0 medical room:

A group 0 medical room has electro-medical devices with parts not applied to the patient

Group 1 medical room:

the group 1 medical room has electro-medical devices with parts applied to the patient but not in the heart area

Group 2 medical room:

The group 2 medical room has electro-medical devices with parts also applied to the heart area inside the patient.


What is meant by an applied part? The applied part is a part of the electro-medical device which in normal use is necessarily placed in physical contact with the patient so that the device can perform its diagnostic or treatment function.

When a patient is touched by a part of an electro-medical device, a small non-functional current passes through his body. This current can have a very high value in the event of an equipment failure.

It is therefore necessary to periodically check the functioning of the electromedical equipment.


The definition of electro-medical device is important for the purposes of Presidential Decree 462 for the classification of the environment. An activity in which an electro-medical device with parts applied to the human body is used establishes that the activity must be classified as a medical room. For this classification, the periodicity of the verification on the earthing system is biennial. Therefore, beauty centers, solariums, etc. are also classified as medical environments. A particular case is the tattoo parlors as tattoo equipment is not considered an electro-medical device even if applied to the client's human body.

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